Table of Contents
Can You Drink Tap Water in Sugar Land?
Yes, Sugar Land's tap water is generally considered safe to drink as Sugar Land has no active health based violations of the Safe Drinking Water Act (SDWA) that we are aware of. Other factors such as lead piping in a home, or low levels of pollutants on immunocompromised individuals, should also be considered, however. To find more recent info we might have, you can check out our boil water notice page or the city's water provider website.
According the EPA’s ECHO database, from April 30, 2019 to June 30, 2022, Sugar Land's water utility, City of Sugar Land, had 0 violations of the Safe Drinking Water Act. For more details on the violations, please see our violation history section below. The last violation for Sugar Land was resolved on Nov. 30, 2014. This assessment is based on the City of Sugar Land water system, other water systems in the city may have different results.
While tap water that meets the EPA health guidelines generally won’t make you sick to your stomach, it can still contain regulated and unregulated contaminants present in trace amounts that could potentially cause health issues over the long-run. These trace contaminants may also impact immunocompromised and vulnerable individuals.
The EPA is reviewing if it’s current regulations around pollutant levels in tap water are strict enough, and the health dangers posed by unregulated pollutants, like PFAS.
Water Quality Report for Sugar Land Tap Water
The most recent publicly available numbers for measured contaminant levels in Sugar Land tap water are in its 2020 Water Quality Report. As you can see, there are levels which the EPA considers to be acceptable, but being below the maximum allowable level doesn’t necessarily mean the water is healthy.
Lead in tap water, for example, is currently allowed at up to 15ppb by the EPA, but it has set the ideal goal for lead at zero. This highlights how meeting EPA standards doesn’t necessarily mean local tap water is healthy.
EPA regulations continue to change as it evaluates the long term impacts of chemicals and updates drinking water acceptable levels. The rules around arsenic, as well as, lead and copper are currently being re-evaluated.
There are also a number of "emerging" contaminants that are not currently. For example, PFAS (Per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances), for which the EPA has issued a health advisory. PFAS are called "forever chemicals" since they tend not to break down in the environment or the human body and can accumulate over time.
We recommend looking at the contaminants present in Sugar Land's water quality reports, or getting your home's tap water tested to see if you should be filtering your water.
Sugar Land Tap Water Safe Drinking Water Act Violation History - Prior 10 Years
Below is a ten year history of violations for the water system named City of Sugar Land for Sugar Land in Texas. For more details please see the "What do these Violations Mean?" section below.
From Nov. 1, 2014 to Nov. 30, 2014, Sugar Land had 1 non-health based Safe Drinking Water Act violation with the violation category being Monitoring and Reporting, more specifically, the violation code was Monitoring and Reporting (DBP) which falls into the Disinfectants and Disinfection Byproducts Rule rule code group, and the Stage 1 Disinfectants and Disinfection Byproducts Rule rule code family for the following contaminant code: Chlorite.
From Nov. 1, 2014 to Nov. 30, 2014, Sugar Land had 1 non-health based Safe Drinking Water Act violation with the violation category being Monitoring and Reporting, more specifically, the violation code was Monitoring, Turbidity (Enhanced SWTR) which falls into the Microbials rule code group, and the Surface Water Treatment Rules rule code family for the following contaminant code: Interim Enhanced Surface Water Treatment Rule.
Is there Lead in Sugar Land Water?
Based on the EPA’s ECHO Database, 90% of the samples taken from the Sugar Land water system, City of Sugar Land, between sample start date and sample end date, were at or below, 0.0019 mg/L of lead in Sugar Land water. This is 12.7% of the 0.015 mg/L action level. This means 10% of the samples taken from Sugar Land contained more lead.
While Sugar Land water testing may have found 0.0019 mg/L of lead in its water, that does not mean your water source has the same amount. The amount of lead in water in a city can vary greatly from neighborhood to neighborhood, or even building to building. Many buildings, particularly older ones, have lead pipes or service lines which can be a source of contamination. To find out if your home has lead, we recommend getting you water tested.
No amount of lead in water is healthy, only less dangerous. As lead accumulates in our bodies over time, even exposure to relatively small amounts can have negative health effects. For more information, please check out our Lead FAQ page.
Are there PFAS in Sugar Land Tap Water?
Currently, testing tap water for PFAS isn’t mandated on a national level. We do have a list of military bases where there have been suspected or confirmed leaks. There appears to be at least one military base - Ellington Field Joint Reserve Base - near Sugar Land with suspected leaks.
With many potential sources of PFAS in tap water across the US, the best information we currently have about which cities have PFAS in their water is this ewg map, which you can check to see if Sugar Land has been evaluated for yet.
Our stance is better safe than sorry, and that it makes sense to try to purify the tap water just in case.
Sugar Land SDWA Violation History Table - Prior 10 Years
|Compliance Period||Status||Health-Based?||Category Code||Code||Rule Code||Contaminant Code||Rule Group Code||Rule Family Code|
|11/01/2014 - 11/30/2014||Resolved||No||Monitoring and Reporting (MR)||Monitoring and Reporting (DBP) (27)||Stage 1 Disinfectants and Disinfection Byproducts Rule (210)||Chlorite (1009)||Disinfectants and Disinfection Byproducts Rule (200)||Stage 1 Disinfectants and Disinfection Byproducts Rule (210)|
|11/01/2014 - 11/30/2014||Resolved||No||Monitoring and Reporting (MR)||Monitoring, Turbidity (Enhanced SWTR) (38)||Long Term 1 Enhanced Surface Water Treatment Rule (122)||Interim Enhanced Surface Water Treatment Rule (0300)||Microbials (100)||Surface Water Treatment Rules (120)|
What do these Violations Mean?
Safe Drinking Water Act Violations categories split into two groups, health based, and non-health based. Generally, health based violations are more serious, though non-health based violations can also be cause for concern.
Health Based Violations
- Maximum contaminant levels (MCLs) - maximum allowed contaminant level was exceeded.
- Maximum residual disinfectant levels (MRDLs) - maximum allowed disinfectant level was exceeded.
- Other violations (Other) - the exact required process to reduce the amounts of contaminants in drinking water was not followed.
Non-Health Based Violations
- Monitoring and reporting violations (MR, MON) - failure to conduct the required regular monitoring of drinking water quality, and/or to submit monitoring results on time.
- Public notice violations (Other) - failure to immediately alert consumers if there is a serious problem with their drinking water that may pose a risk to public health.
- Other violations (Other) - miscellaneous violations, such as failure to issue annual consumer confidence reports or maintain required records.
SDWA Table Key
|Compliance Period||Dates of the compliance period.|
Current status of the violation.
|Health-Based?||Whether the violation is health based.|
The category of violation that is reported.
|Code||A full description of violation codes can be accessed in the SDWA_REF_CODE_VALUES (CSV) table.|
|Contaminant Code||A code value that represents a contaminant for which a public water system has incurred a violation of a primary drinking water regulation.|
Code for a National Drinking Water rule.
|Rule Group Code||
Code that uniquely identifies a rule group.
|Rule Family Code||
Code for rule family.
For more clarification please visit the EPA's data dictionary.
Sugar Land Water - Frequently Asked Questions
|By Mail:||PO BOX 110
SUGAR LAND, TX, 77487-0110
Existing customers can login to their City of Sugar Land account to pay their Sugar Land water bill by clicking here.
If you want to pay your City of Sugar Land bill online and haven't made an account yet, you can create an account online. Please click here to create your account to pay your Sugar Land water bill.
If you don't want to make an account, or can't remember your account, you can make a one-time payment towards your Sugar Land water bill without creating an account using a one time payment portal with your account number and credit or debit card. Click here to make a one time payment.
Moving to a new house or apartment in Sugar Land means you will often need to put the water in your name with City of Sugar Land. In order to put the water in your name, please click the link to the start service form below. Start service requests for water bills typically take two business days.
Leaving your house or apartment in Sugar Land means you will likely need to take your name off of the water bill with City of Sugar Land. In order to take your name off the water bill, please click the link to the stop service form below. Stop service for water bills requests typically take two business days.
The estimated price of bottled water
$1.75 in USD (1.5-liter)
USER SUBMITTED RATINGS
- Drinking Water Pollution and Inaccessibility 33% Low
- Water Pollution 45% Moderate
- Drinking Water Quality and Accessibility 67% High
- Water Quality 55% Moderate
The above data is comprised of subjective, user submitted opinions about the water quality and pollution in Sugar Land, measured on a scale from 0% (lowest) to 100% (highest).
City of Sugar Land
EWG's drinking water quality report shows results of tests conducted by the water utility and provided to the Environmental Working Group by the Texas Commission on Environmental Quality, as well as information from the U.S. EPA Enforcement and Compliance History database (ECHO). For the latest quarter assessed by the U.S. EPA (January 2019 - March 2019), tap water provided by this water utility was in compliance with federal health-based drinking water standards.
- Serves: 83886
- Data available: 2012-2017
- Data Source: Surface water
- Total: 33
Contaminants That Exceed Guidelines
- Chromium (hexavalent)
- Dichloroacetic acid
- Nitrate and nitrite
- Radium%2C combined (-226 & -228)
- Total trihalomethanes (TTHMs)
Other Detected Contaminants
- Bromochloroacetic acid
- Dibromoacetic acid
- Haloacetic acids (HAA5)
- Methyl isobutyl ketone
- Monochloroacetic acid
- Trichloroacetic acid
- Xylenes (total)
Always take extra precautions, the water may be safe to drink when it leaves the sewage treatment plant but it may pick up pollutants during its way to your tap. We advise that you ask locals or hotel staff about the water quality. Also, note that different cities have different water mineral contents.
Sources and Resources
Recently the story of a Sugar Land homeowner who had been arrested on DWI charges for allegedly driving his vehicle while intoxicated with trace amounts of alcohol in his blood was published in the local newspaper. The incident occurred in Sugar Land, Texas, in the home of Robert "Bob" Cook.
Bob''s wife, Barbara, had recently been diagnosed with breast cancer. Bob had always thought that being sober would be the best thing for himself and for their family, especially since his wife was only 65 years old.
Bob had never considered himself an alcoholic. He was a good, honest person, a father of two small children. He felt safe with his job as a tax auditor, but did not drink alcohol at work. He did not think it was his problem.
Bob had been enjoying a day of leisure at a local golf course with his two daughters. On the way home they stopped to get gas and Bob noticed something strange about his wife''s purse. It was made of white plastic fab