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Is Sacramento Tap Water Safe to Drink?

Yes! Generally Safe to Drink*

LAST UPDATED: 5:09 am, December 21, 2021
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Table of Contents

Can You Drink Tap Water in Sacramento?

Yes, Sacramento's tap water is generally considered safe to drink as Sacramento has no active health based violations of the Safe Drinking Water Act (SDWA) that we are aware of. Other factors such as lead piping in a home, or low levels of pollutants on immunocompromised individuals, should also be considered, however. For the latest updates on Sacramento water, please check out its Twitter page

According the EPA’s ECHO database, from Oct. 31, 2018 to Dec. 31, 2021, Sacramento's water utility, Sacramento Suburban Water District, had 0 violations of the Safe Drinking Water Act. For more details on the violations, please see our violation history section below. This assessment is based on the Sacramento Suburban Water District water system, other water systems in the city may have different results.

While tap water that meets the EPA health guidelines generally won’t make you sick to your stomach, it can still contain regulated and unregulated contaminants present in trace amounts that could potentially cause health issues over the long-run. These trace contaminants may also impact immunocompromised and vulnerable individuals.

The EPA is reviewing if it’s current regulations around pollutant levels in tap water are strict enough, and the health dangers posed by unregulated pollutants, like PFAS.

Water Quality Report for Sacramento Tap Water

The most recent publicly available numbers for measured contaminant levels in Sacramento tap water are in its 2020 Water Quality Report. As you can see, there are levels which the EPA considers to be acceptable, but being below the maximum allowable level doesn’t necessarily mean the water is healthy.

Lead in tap water, for example, is currently allowed at up to 15ppb by the EPA, but it has set the ideal goal for lead at zero. This highlights how meeting EPA standards doesn’t necessarily mean local tap water is healthy.

EPA regulations continue to change as it evaluates the long term impacts of chemicals and updates drinking water acceptable levels. The rules around arsenic, as well as, lead and copper are currently being re-evaluated.

There are also a number of "emerging" contaminants that are not currently. For example, PFAS (Per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances), for which the EPA has issued a health advisory. PFAS are called "forever chemicals" since they tend not to break down in the environment or the human body and can accumulate over time.

We recommend looking at the contaminants present in Sacramento's water quality reports, or getting your home's tap water tested to see if you should be filtering your water.

Sacramento Tap Water Safe Drinking Water Act Violation History - Prior 10 Years

Below is a ten year history of violations for the water system named Sacramento Suburban Water District for Sacramento in California. For more details please see the "What do these Violations Mean?" section below.

Is there Lead in Sacramento Water?

Based on the EPA’s ECHO Database, 90% of the samples taken from the Sacramento water system, Sacramento Suburban Water District, between sample start date and sample end date, were at or below, 0.0 mg/L of lead in Sacramento water. This is 0% of the 0.015 mg/L action level. This means 10% of the samples taken from Sacramento contained more lead.

While Sacramento water testing may have found 0.0 mg/L of lead in its water, that does not mean your water source has the same amount. The amount of lead in water in a city can vary greatly from neighborhood to neighborhood, or even building to building. Many buildings, particularly older ones, have lead pipes or service lines which can be a source of contamination. To find out if your home has lead, we recommend getting you water tested.

No amount of lead in water is healthy, only less dangerous. As lead accumulates in our bodies over time, even exposure to relatively small amounts can have negative health effects. For more information, please check out our Lead FAQ page.

Are there PFAS in Sacramento Tap Water?

Currently, testing tap water for PFAS isn’t mandated on a national level. We do have a list of military bases where there have been suspected or confirmed leaks. There appears to be at least one military base - SACRAMENTO ARMY DEPOT - near Sacramento with suspected leaks.

With many potential sources of PFAS in tap water across the US, the best information we currently have about which cities have PFAS in their water is this ewg map, which you can check to see if Sacramento has been evaluated for yet.

Our stance is better safe than sorry, and that it makes sense to try to purify the tap water just in case.

What do these Violations Mean?

Safe Drinking Water Act Violations categories split into two groups, health based, and non-health based. Generally, health based violations are more serious, though non-health based violations can also be cause for concern.

Health Based Violations

  1. Maximum contaminant levels (MCLs) - maximum allowed contaminant level was exceeded.
  2. Maximum residual disinfectant levels (MRDLs) - maximum allowed disinfectant level was exceeded.
  3. Other violations (Other) - the exact required process to reduce the amounts of contaminants in drinking water was not followed.

Non-Health Based Violations

  1. Monitoring and reporting violations (MR, MON) - failure to conduct the required regular monitoring of drinking water quality, and/or to submit monitoring results on time.
  2. Public notice violations (Other) - failure to immediately alert consumers if there is a serious problem with their drinking water that may pose a risk to public health.
  3. Other violations (Other) - miscellaneous violations, such as failure to issue annual consumer confidence reports or maintain required records.

SDWA Table Key

Field Description
Compliance Period Dates of the compliance period.
Status Current status of the violation.
  • Resolved - The violation has at least one resolving enforcement action. In SDWIS, this indicates that either the system has returned to compliance from the violation, the rule that was violated was no longer applicable, or no further action was needed.
  • Archived - The violation is not Resolved, but is more than five years past its compliance period end date. In keeping with the Enforcement Response Policy, the violation no longer contributes to the public water system's overall compliance status. Unresolved violations are also marked as Archived when a system ceases operations (becomes inactive).
  • Addressed - The violation is not Resolved or Archived, and is addressed by one or more formal enforcement actions.
  • Unaddressed - The violation is not Resolved or Archived, and has not been addressed by formal enforcement.
show details
Health-Based? Whether the violation is health based.
Category Code
The category of violation that is reported.
  • TT - Treatment Technique Violation
  • MRDL - Maximum Residual Disinfectant Level
  • Other - Other Violation
  • MCL - Maximum Contaminant Level Violation
  • MR - Monitoring and Reporting
  • MON - Monitoring Violation
  • RPT - Reporting Violation
show details
Code A full description of violation codes can be accessed in the SDWA_REF_CODE_VALUES (CSV) table.
Contaminant Code A code value that represents a contaminant for which a public water system has incurred a violation of a primary drinking water regulation.
Rule Code Code for a National Drinking Water rule.
  • 110 - Total Coliform Rule
  • 121 - Surface Water Treatment Rule
  • 122 - Long Term 1 Enhanced Surface Water Treatment Rule
  • 123 - Long Term 2 Enhanced Surface Water Treatment Rule
  • 130 - Filter Backwash Rule
  • 140 - Ground Water Rule
  • 210 - Stage 1 Disinfectants and Disinfection Byproducts Rule
  • 220 - Stage 2 Disinfectants and Disinfection Byproducts Rule
  • 230 - Total Trihalomethanes
  • 310 - Volatile Organic Chemicals
  • 331 - Nitrates
  • 332 - Arsenic
  • 333 - Inorganic Chemicals
  • 320 - Synthetic Organic Chemicals
  • 340 - Radionuclides
  • 350 - Lead and Copper Rule
  • 410 - Public Notice Rule
  • 420 - Consumer Confidence Rule
  • 430 - Miscellaneous
  • 500 - Not Regulated
  • 111 - Revised Total Coliform Rule
show details
Rule Group Code Code that uniquely identifies a rule group.
  • 120 - Surface Water Treatment Rules
  • 130 - Filter Backwash Rule
  • 140 - Groundwater Rule
  • 210 - Stage 1 Disinfectants and Disinfection Byproducts Rule
  • 220 - Stage 2 Disinfectants and Disinfection Byproducts Rule
  • 230 - Total Trihalomethanes
  • 310 - Volatile Organic Chemicals
  • 320 - Synthetic Organic Chemicals
  • 330 - Inorganic Chemicals
  • 340 - Radionuclides
  • 350 - Lead and Copper Rule
  • 400 - Other
  • 500 - Not Regulated
  • 110 - Total Coliform Rules
  • 410 - Public Notice Rule
  • 420 - Consumer Confidence Rule
  • 430 - Miscellaneous
show details
Rule Family Code Code for rule family.
  • 100 - Microbials
  • 200 - Disinfectants and Disinfection Byproducts Rule
  • 300 - Chemicals
  • 400 - Other
  • 500 - Not Regulated
show details

For more clarification please visit the EPA's data dictionary.

Sacramento Water - Frequently Asked Questions

HOW DO I CONTACT SACRAMENTO CUSTOMER SERVICE?
To contact customer service for the Sacramento water provider, Sacramento Suburban Water District, please use the information below.
By Phone: 916-972-7171
By Email: munderwood@sswd.org
By Mail: 3701 Marconi Avenue, Suite 100
SACRAMENTO, CA, 95821
HOW TO PAY BILL FOR SACRAMENTO SUBURBAN WATER DISTRICT
Already have an account?

Existing customers can login to their Sacramento Suburban Water District account to pay their Sacramento water bill by clicking here.

Want to create a new account?

If you want to pay your Sacramento Suburban Water District bill online and haven't made an account yet, you can create an account online. Please click here to create your account to pay your Sacramento water bill.

Want to pay without an account?

If you don't want to make an account, or can't remember your account, you can make a one-time payment towards your Sacramento water bill without creating an account using a one time payment portal with your account number and credit or debit card. Click here to make a one time payment.

HOW TO START & STOP SACRAMENTO WATER SERVICE
Starting Your Service

Moving to a new house or apartment in Sacramento means you will often need to put the water in your name with Sacramento Suburban Water District. In order to put the water in your name, please click the link to the start service form below. Start service requests for water bills typically take two business days.

Start Service Form

Want to create a new account?

Leaving your house or apartment in Sacramento means you will likely need to take your name off of the water bill with Sacramento Suburban Water District. In order to take your name off the water bill, please click the link to the stop service form below. Stop service for water bills requests typically take two business days.

Stop Service Form

Is Sacramento Tap Water Safe to Drink? Tap water & safety quality

The estimated price of bottled water

$1.35 in USD (1.5-liter)

USER SUBMITTED RATINGS

Sacramento tap water
  • Drinking Water Pollution and Inaccessibility 28% Low
  • Water Pollution 42% Moderate
  • Drinking Water Quality and Accessibility 72% High
  • Water Quality 58% Moderate

The above data is comprised of subjective, user submitted opinions about the water quality and pollution in Sacramento, measured on a scale from 0% (lowest) to 100% (highest).

Related FAQS

Sacramento Water Quality Report (Consumer Confidence Report)

The EPA mandates that towns and cities consistently monitor and test their tap water. They must report their findings in an annual Consumer Confidence Report. Below is the most recent water quality report from Sacramento's Water. If you would like to see the original version of the report, please click here.

2020 Consumer

Confidence Report

ABOUT YOUR DRINKING WATER

Sacramento Suburban Water District (SSWD) is pleased to present this Consumer Confidence Report (CCR) on 2020 water quality. Results of samples collected during 2018, 2019, and 2020, as well as other water quality information, were used to prepare this report. As always, providing a high quality, reliable supply of water and superior customer service at the lowest responsible water rate are SSWD’s top priorities.

Sources of Water

SSWD has two service areas, North and South. The North Service Area (NSA) is supplied with water from local groundwater wells and, when available, with surface water treated by the San Juan Water District (SJWD). The South Service Area (SSA) is supplied with water from local groundwater wells and, when available, with treated surface water from the City of Sacramento. As indicated in the graphic, “SSWD Service Area,” SSWD supplemented both the NSA and SSA water supplies with surface water in 2020.

Water pumped from the wells is chlorinated per State Water Resources Control Board, Division of Drinking Water (DDW) requirements to protect you from potential microbiological contaminants. All facilities are operated by state-certified operators. To ensure that your water meets state and federal regulations, SSWD conducts routine water quality testing at the

wells and in the distribution system.

SSWD Service Area

North

Service Area

80% SSWD

Groundwater

20% SJWD

Surface Water

N

WE

S

South Service Area

98% SSWD

Groundwater

2% City of

Sacramento

Surface Water

sswd.org 2020 Consumer Confidence Report 1

IMPORTANT INFORMATION

ABOUT...

Nitrate: Nitrate levels may rise quickly for short periods of time because of rainfall or agricultural activity. Nitrate (as nitrogen) in drinking water at levels above 10 milligrams per liter (mg/L)is a health risk for infants of less than six months of age. Such nitrate levels in drinking water can interfere with the capacity of the infant’s blood to carry oxygen, resulting in serious illness; with symptoms including shortness of breath and blueness of the skin. Nitrate levels above

10 mg/L may also affect the ability of the blood to carry oxygen in other individuals, such as pregnant women and those with certain specific enzyme deficiencies. If you are caring for an infant, or you are pregnant, you should ask advice from your health care provider.

Nitrate levels in water supplied by SSWD are below 10 mg/L. Nitrate monitoring is performed at each source at least annually, and, in many cases, quarterly. If there is an indication the nitrate level in a well may reach the 10 mg/L regulatory threshold, it is immediately removed from service.

Lead: If present, elevated levels of lead can cause serious health problems, especially for pregnant women and young children. Lead in drinking water primarily originates from materials and

– continued on page 3

Overview of Drinking Water

The United States Environmental Protection Agency (USEPA) and DDW require the educational language below to be included in all public water system’s Consumer Confidence Reports. For a complete list of detected contaminants and their potential sources, please see the tables in the sections titled, “2020 Summary of Detected Constituents.”

Sources of drinking water (both tap and bottled water) include rivers, lakes, streams, ponds, reservoirs, springs, and wells. As water travels over the surface of the land or through the ground, it dissolves naturally- occurring minerals and, in some cases, radioactive material, and can pick up substances resulting from the presence of animals or from human activity.

In order to ensure that tap water is safe to drink, the USEPA and DDW prescribe regulations that limit the amount of certain contaminants in water provided by public water systems. U.S. Food and Drug Administration regulations and California law also establish limits for contaminants in bottled water that provide the same protection for public health. Additional information on bottled water is available on the California Department of Public Health web page (https://www.cdph.ca.gov/Programs/CEH/ DFDCS/Pages/FDBPrograms/FoodSafetyProgram/Water.aspx).

Drinking water, including bottled water, may reasonably be expected to contain at least minor amounts of some contaminants. The presence of contaminants does not necessarily indicate that water poses a health risk. More information about contaminants and potential health effects can be obtained by calling the USEPA’s Safe Drinking Water Hotline (1.800.426.4791).

Source Water Assessments

An assessment of SSWD’s groundwater wells was completed in December 2002. The results of the assessment indicated that wells in both the NSA and SSA are considered most vulnerable to: dry cleaners, gas stations, leaking underground storage tanks, petroleum transmission pipelines, sewer collection systems, contamination caused by illegal activities or dumping, and general urban commercial activities such as automobile repair facilities and photo processors. Both service areas are also vulnerable to industrial activities such as: electronic, plastic and metal manufacturing, petroleum storage facilities, and known groundwater contamination plumes. The NSA is also considered vulnerable to historic activities at the former McClellan Air Force Base. The SSA may also be vulnerable to recreational activities associated with the American River. A copy of the complete Source Water Assessment is available at SSWD’s office.

SSA Water Fluoridation

SSWD supplements the natural levels of fluoride in the SSA water to levels within DDW’s prescribed Fluoride Control Range (0.6 mg/L to 1.2 mg/L). Parents of children that reside in SSWD’s SSA should let their children’s pediatricians and dentists know that their drinking water is fluoridated. According to the USEPA/ Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), drinking water with the right amount

  • Sacramento Suburban Water District

of fluoride is a safe and effective way to help keep the surface of teeth strong and help prevent tooth decay. Community water fluoridation is supported by the American Dental Association, American Academy of Pediatrics, U.S. Public Health Service, and the World Health Organization.

Information About Hard Water

A common concern for many customers is water hardness because it can cause scaling and other aesthetic issues. Water hardness is comprised of naturally-occurring minerals, particularly calcium and magnesium. Though hard water can be a nuisance, it is not known to cause adverse health effects, and thus is not regulated by DDW or USEPA. Effects of hard water may include: scale on plumbing fixtures and appliances; soap scum on shower walls, bathtubs, sinks and faucets; and reduced lathering of soaps, shampoos, and household cleaners. Additional information is available on the SSWD’s water quality web page: www.sswd.org/departments/water-quality.

Lead Sampling in Schools

In early 2017, SSWD began drinking water lead monitoring at K-12 schools in accordance with DDW requirements. In January 2018, the California Health and Safety Code (Section 116277) expanded those requirements to include preschool and child day care facilities on public school property. SSWD has performed monitoring at 49 K-12 schools, preschools, and child day care facilities through the end of 2019. If you would like to know if monitoring was performed at your child’s school or day care facility (and if so, the results), please visit DDW’s “Lead Sampling of Drinking Water in California Schools” web page at: https://www.waterboards.ca.gov/drinking_water/certlic/drinkingwater/ leadsamplinginschools.html, or contact your child’s school.

Contaminants That May Be Present in Source Water Include:

Microbial Contaminants such as viruses and bacteria, that may come from sewage treatment plants, septic systems, agricultural livestock operations, and wildlife.

Inorganic Contaminants such as salts and metals, that can be naturally occurring or result from urban storm-water runoff, industrial or domestic wastewater discharges, oil and gas production, mining, or farming.

Pesticides and Herbicides that may come from a variety of sources such as agriculture, urban stormwater runoff, and residential uses.

Organic Chemical Contaminants including synthetic and volatile organic chemicals, that are by- products of industrial processes and petroleum production, and can also come from gas stations, urban stormwater runoff, agricultural application, and septic systems.

Radioactive Contaminants that can be naturally-occurring or be the result of oil and gas production and mining activities.

Important Information About... continued

components associated with service lines and home plumbing. SSWD is responsible for providing high quality drinking water, but cannot control the variety of materials used in plumbing components. When your water has been sitting for several hours, you can minimize the potential for lead exposure by flushing your tap for 30 seconds to 2 minutes before using water for drinking or cooking. If you are concerned about lead in your water, you may wish to have your water tested. Information on lead in drinking water, testing methods, and steps you can take to minimize exposure is available from the Safe Drinking Water Hotline or at: www.epa.gov/lead.

As noted above, due to the variety of materials used in some customer’s plumbing systems (including water treatment units in the home), lead results may vary. If you are concerned about the potential impact the internal plumbing system in your home or business may have on lead levels in your drinking water, SSWD can refer you to a laboratory that you can utilize to test your water.

sswd.org

2020 Consumer Confidence Report

3

Water Quality Definitions

Locational Running Annual Average (LRAA): The LRAA is a calculation used to determine compliance with a primary drinking water standard (or MCL) at a specific monitoring location. Maximum Contaminant Level (MCL): The highest level of a contaminant that is allowed in drinking water. Primary MCLs are set as close to the PHGs (or MCLGs) as is economically and technologically feasible. Secondary MCLs are set to protect the odor, taste, and appearance of drinking water.

Maximum Contaminant Level Goal (MCLG): The level of a contaminant in drinking water below which there is no known or expected risk to health. MCLGs are set by the USEPA.

Maximum Residual Disinfectant Level (MRDL): The highest level of a disinfectant allowed in drinking water. There is convincing evidence that addition of a disinfectant is necessary for control of microbial contaminants.

Maximum Residual Disinfectant Level Goal (MRDLG): The level of a drinking water disinfectant below which there is no known or expected risk to health. MRDLGs do not reflect the benefits of the use of disinfectants to control microbial contaminants.

Primary Drinking Water Standard (PDWS): MCLs, MRDLs, and treatment techniques (TTs) for contaminants that affect health along with their monitoring and reporting requirements

and water treatment requirements.

Public Health Goal (PHG): The level of a contaminant in drinking water below which there is no known or expected risk to health. PHGs are set by the California Environmental Protection Agency.

2020 Summary

of Detected

Constituents

North Service Area

About the Tables

The following tables contain detailed information about the water that is delivered to your home or business. The drinking water SSWD supplies to customers has been tested for over 130 contaminants. In accordance with USEPA requirements, the table in the CCR includes only results for contaminants that were detected. You can compare levels from your system’s water to the state and federal standards (Maximum Contaminant Level [MCL]), if applicable.

Key to Abbreviations

CU Color Units

Regulatory Action Level (AL): The concentration of a contaminant which, if exceeded, triggers treatment or other requirements that a water system must follow.

Total Organic Carbon (TOC): Organically-derived carbon that can be naturally occurring or result from human activities.

Treatment Technique (TT): A required process intended to reduce the level of a contaminant in drinking water.

SSWD North Service Area

North

Service Area

80% SSWD

Groundwater

20% SJWD

Surface Water

N

WE

S

NA Not Applicable

ND Not Detected

NR Not Reported

NTU Nephelometric Turbidity Units (a measure of clarity)

pCi/L Picocuries per liter

(a measure of radiation)

PPM Parts per million or milligrams per liter (mg/L)

PPB Parts per billion or micrograms per liter (µg/L)

HAA Haloacetic Acids

µS/cm Microsiemens per centimeter TON Threshold Odor Number

44 Sacramento Suburban Water District

SSWD

San Juan Water District

(groundwater)

(surface water)

DETECTED PRIMARY DRINKING WATER CONSTITUENTS - Regulated to protect your health

NORTH SERVICE AREA

CONSTITUENT/UNITS

MCL

 

PHG or (MCLG)

RANGE

 

AVG.

SAMPLE DATE

 

RANGE

 

AVG.

SAMPLE DATE

VIOLATION

MAJOR SOURCES

Aluminium (PPM)

1

 

0.6

ND-0.06

 

ND

2019

 

ND

 

ND

2019

No

Erosion of natural deposits; residue from some surface

 

 

 

 

water treatment processes

Arsenic (PPB)

 

10

 

0.004

ND-2.5

 

ND

2019

 

ND

 

ND

2019

No

Erosion of natural deposits

Barium (PPM)

1

 

2

ND-0.20

 

ND

2019-2020

 

ND

 

ND

2019

No

Discharges of oil drilling wastes and from metal

 

 

 

 

refineries; erosion of natural deposits

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Control of Disinfection

TT = 2

NA

NA

 

NA

NA

 

0.8-

 

0.97

2020

No

Various natural and manmade sources

By-Product Precursors (PPM)

 

 

 

 

 

1.25

 

(TOC)(treated water){A}

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Fluoride (PPM)

2

 

1

0.08-0.23

 

0.16

2019

 

ND

 

ND

2019

No

Erosion of natural deposits; water additive that promotes

 

 

 

 

strong teeth; discharge from fertilizer and aluminum factories

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Hexavalent Chromium

NA

 

0.02

NR

 

NR

NA

 

NR

 

NR

NA

NA

Erosion of natural deposits; discharge from electroplating fac-

 

 

 

 

tories, leather tanneries, wood preservation, chemical synthesis,

(PPB) {C}

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

refractory production, and textile and manufacturing facilities

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Nitrate (as Nitrogen) (PPM)

10

 

10

0.5-6.2

 

1.9

2020

 

ND

 

ND

2020

No

Runoff and leaching from fertilizer use; leaching from

 

 

 

 

septic tanks and sewage; erosion of natural deposits

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Nitrate + Nitrite

10

 

10

0.4-6.5

 

2.1

2019

 

ND

 

ND

2020

No

Runoff and leaching from fertilizer use; leaching from

(as Nitrogen) (PPM)

 

 

 

 

septic tanks and sewage; erosion of natural deposits

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Tetrachloroethylene

5

 

0.06

ND-2.6

 

ND

2019-2020

 

ND

 

ND

2019

No

Discharge from factories, dry cleaners, and auto shops

(PCE) (PPB)

 

 

 

 

 

(metal degreaser)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Gross Alpha (pCi/L)

15

 

(0)

ND-3.58

 

ND

2014-2020

 

ND

 

ND

2017

No

Erosion of natural deposits

Combined Radium

5

 

(0)

ND-3.34

 

ND

2014-2020

 

ND

 

ND

2017

No

Erosion of natural deposits

(Ra226 + Ra228) (pCi/L)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Uranium (pCi/L)

20

 

0.43

ND-4.97

 

ND

2014-2020

 

NR

 

NR

NA

No

Erosion of natural deposits

CONSTITUENT/UNITS

MCL

 

PHG or (MCLG)

LEVEL FOUND

SAMPLE DATE

 

LEVEL FOUND

SAMPLE DATE

VIOLATION

MAJOR SOURCES

 

 

(NTU)

TT =

1

NA

NA

 

 

 

0.038

 

 

 

Turbidity

 

NTU

 

 

NA

 

2020

No

Soil runoff

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

{A}

 

(% Samples)

TT = 95%

of

NA

NA

 

 

100%

 

Samples ≤0.3

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

NTU

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

DISTRIBUTION

SYSTEM

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

CONSTITUENT/UNITS

AL

 

PHG or (MCLG)

90TH PERCENTILE

NO. OF SAMPLES/

 

SAMPLE DATE

VIOLATION

MAJOR SOURCES

 

RESULT

NO. EXCEEDING ACTION LEVEL

Copper (at tap) (PPM)

1.3

 

0.3

0.220

59/0

 

 

2019

No

Internal corrosion of household plumbing systems; erosion of

 

 

 

natural deposits; leaching from wood preservatives

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

CONSTITUENT/UNITS

MCL[MRDL]

PHGor[MRDLG]

RANGE

AVERAGE

 

SAMPLE DATE

VIOLATION

MAJOR SOURCES

Chlorine Residual (PPM)

[4]

 

[4]

0.05-1.45

 

0.69

 

 

2020

No

Drinking water disinfectant added for treatment

Trihalomethanes (PPB)

80

 

NA

ND-35

Highest LRAA = 41 {F}

2020

No

By-product of drinking water disinfection

Haloacetic Acids (PPB)

60

 

NA

ND-22

Highest LRAA = 24 {F}

2020

No

By-product of drinking water disinfection

sswd.org

2020 Consumer Confidence Report

5

NORTH SERVICE AREA

 

 

(groundwater)

 

(surface water)

 

 

 

 

 

 

SSWD

San Juan Water District

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

DETECTED SECONDARY DRINKING WATER CONSTITUENTS - Regulated for aesthetic qualities

 

 

 

CONSTITUENT/UNITS

 

MCL

RANGE

AVG.

SAMPLE DATE

RANGE

AVG.

SAMPLE DATE

VIOLATION

MAJOR SOURCES

Aluminium (PPB)

 

200

ND-59

ND

2019

ND

ND

2018

No

Erosion of natural deposits; residue from some surface

 

water treatment processes

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Chloride (PPM)

 

500

9.2-86

38

2019-2020

1.8

1.8

2019

No

Runoff/leaching from natural deposits

Copper (PPM)

 

1.3

ND-0.06

ND

2019

ND

ND

2019

No

Erosion of natural deposits; leaching from wood preservatives

Color (CU)

 

15

ND

ND

2019

ND

ND

2019

No

Naturally-occurring organic materials

Iron (PPB)

 

300

ND-290

ND

2019

ND

ND

2019

No

Leaching from natural deposits; industrial wastes

Manganese (PPB)

 

50

ND-41

ND

2019-2020

ND

ND

2019

No

Leaching from natural deposits

Odor (TON)

 

3

ND-2

ND

2019

ND

ND

2019

No

Naturally-occurring organic materials

Specific Conductance

 

1600

210-680

393

2019-2020

53-88

72.5

2020

No

Substances that form ions when in water

(µS/cm)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Sulfate (PPM)

 

500

2.8-33

10

2019

3.8

3.8

2019

No

Runoff/leaching from natural deposits; industrial wastes

Total Dissolved Solids

 

1000

170-450

279

2019-2020

30

30

2019

No

Runoff/leaching from natural deposits

(PPM)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Turbidity (NTU)

 

5

ND-0.7

0.1

2019

See Primary Constituents on page 5

No

Soil runoff

DETECTED UCMR4 MONITORING CONSTITUENTS {G}

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

CONSTITUENT/UNITS

 

RANGE

AVG.

SAMPLE DATE

PRIMARY SOURCES/USES

 

 

Germanium (PPB)

 

ND-0.4

ND

2018-2019

Naturally-occurring element; a byproduct of zinc ore processing; used in infrared optics, fiber-optic

 

systems, electronics and solar applications

 

Manganese (PPB)

 

ND-36

3.4

2018-2019

Naturally-occurring element; used in steel production, fertilizer, batteries and fireworks; drinking water

 

and waste water treatment chemical; essential nutrient

 

 

 

DISTRIBUTION SYSTEM

 

 

 

 

 

CONSTITUENT/UNITS

 

RANGE

HIGHEST LRAA

SAMPLE DATE

PRIMARY SOURCES/USES

HAA5 (PPB)

 

ND-35

27

 

2018-2019

Byproduct of drinking water disinfection

HAA6Br (PPB)

 

ND-3.8

2

 

2018-2019

Byproduct of drinking water disinfection

HAA9 (PPB)

 

ND-36

29

 

2018-2019

Byproduct of drinking water disinfection

A Note for Sensitive Populations

Some people may be more vulnerable to contaminants in drinking water than the general population. Immunocompromised persons, such as persons undergoing chemotherapy, persons who have undergone organ transplants, people with HIV/AIDS or other immune system disorders, elderly, and infants can be particularly at risk from infections. These people should seek advice about their drinking water from their health care providers. CDC guidelines on appropriate means to lessen the risk of infection by Cryptosporidium and other microbial contaminants are available from the Safe Drinking Water Hotline (1.800.426.4791).

6 Sacramento Suburban Water District

PPM (parts per million):

PPB (parts per billion):

3 drops in 42 gallons

1 drop in 14,000 gallons

1 second in 12 days

1 second in 32 years

1 inch in 16 miles

1 inch in 16,000 miles

 

 

 

(groundwater)

 

(surface water)

NORTH SERVICE AREA

 

 

 

SSWD

San Juan Water District

 

ADDITIONAL DRINKING WATER CONSTITUENTS {H}

 

 

 

 

 

 

CONSTITUENT/UNITS

 

RANGE

AVG.

SAMPLE DATE

RANGE

AVG.

SAMPLE DATE

MAJOR SOURCES

Alkalinity (total, as CaCO3) (PPM)

75-180

115

2019

NR

NR

NA

Leaching from natural deposits

Alkalinity (bicarbonate, as CaCO3) (PPM)

69-210

138

2019-2020

13

13

2019

Leaching from natural deposits

Calcium (PPM)

 

16-58

27

2019

3.3

3.3

2019

Erosion of natural deposits

Hardness

(grains/gallon)

4.3-15.8

7.8

2019

0.7

0.7

2019

Leaching from natural deposits; hardness is the sum of polyvalent cations

(PPM)

74-270

134

12

12

present in the water, generally naturally-occurring magnesium and calcium

 

 

 

Magnesium (PPM)

 

8.4-32

16

2019

1

1

2019

Erosion of natural deposits

pH (NONE)

 

7.3-7.8

7.6

2019

NR

NR

NA

Leaching from natural deposits; a measurement of hydrogen ion activity

Sodium (PPM)

 

11-56

26

2019-2020

1.6

1.6

2019

Erosion of natural deposits

Customer Service

If you have questions about your water bill or your water service, please call SSWD’s Customer Service Team at 916.972.7171. They are available during regular business hours (Monday - Friday, 8:00 AM - 4:30 PM). If our customer service team cannot answer your question, they will put you in touch with another team member who can. You can also find information on our website (sswd.org) about starting and stopping your water service, the Board of Directors, water conservation, cross-connection control, engineering projects, field operations, water quality and much more!

sswd.org

2020 Consumer Confidence Report

7

Notes

{A} Only surface water sources must comply with the PDWS for Control of Disinfection By-Product Precursors and Turbidity. Turbidity is a measure of the cloudiness of water. It is a good indicator of filtration process effectiveness for water systems that treat surface water.

{B} City of Sacramento, SSA only: Source water TOC less than 2.0 mg/L used as alternative criteria to exempt from removal ratio requirements. Value given represents the maximum running annual average of any quarter during 2020.

{C} DDW rescinded the 10 ppb MCL for hexavalent chromium on September 11, 2017. Prior to that SSWD elected to satisfy compliance monitoring requirements via total chromium monitoring. For more information about hexavalent chromium please see: https://www.waterboards.ca.gov/ drinking_water/certlic/drinkingwater/Chromium6.html.

{D} SSA only: SSWD’s fluoridation program provides the addition of fluoride to the SSA drinking water. Natural levels of fluoride in the SSA are adjusted to be within the DDW’s Fluoride Control Range (0.6-1.2 mg/L).

{E} SSA only: The range and average concentrations of fluoride in the SSA are based on distribution system monitoring in 2020 with the exception of the timeframe between March 20, 2020 and June 8, 2020 when fluoridation was temporarily suspended. Temporary suspension of fluoridation was one of SSWD’s initial responses to the COVID-19 pandemic that was designed to minimize contact between staff while other operational changes were being implemented.

{F} Calculation of the LRAA for the first three quarters of 2020 includes data from 2019.

{G} Unregulated contaminant monitoring helps USEPA and DDW determine where certain contaminants occur and whether they need to be regulated. Both distribution system and source water are included in UCMR4.

 

 

 

 

{H} Constituents listed under “Additional Drinking

 

SSWD South Service Area

 

 

 

Water Constituents” are of interest to some

 

 

 

consumers, however, they have no regulatory

 

 

 

thresholds.

 

 

 

DDW allows SSWD to monitor for some

 

 

 

contaminants less than once per year because

 

 

 

the concentrations of these contaminants do

 

 

 

not change frequently. Some of the data, though

 

South

representative, is more than one year old.

 

 

Service Area

 

 

98% SSWD

 

 

Groundwater

 

 

2% City of

 

 

Sacramento

 

 

Surface Water

 

 

 

 

88 Sacramento Suburban Water District

2020 Summary

of Detected

Constituents

South Service Area

About the Tables

The following tables contain detailed information about the water that is delivered to your home or business. The drinking water SSWD supplies to customers has been tested for over 130 contaminants. In accordance with USEPA requirements, the table in the CCR includes only results for contaminants that were detected. You can compare levels from your system’s water to the state and federal standards (Maximum Contaminant Level [MCL]), if applicable.

Key to Abbreviations

CU Color Units NA Not Applicable ND Not Detected NR Not Reported

NTU Nephelometric Turbidity Units (a measure of clarity)

pCi/L Picocuries per liter

(a measure of radiation)

PPM Parts per million or milligrams per liter (mg/L)

PPB Parts per billion or micrograms per liter (µg/L)

HAA Haloacetic Acids

µS/cm Microsiemens per centimeter TON Threshold Odor Number

SSWD

City of Sacramento

(groundwater)

(surface water)

DETECTED PRIMARY DRINKING WATER CONSTITUENTS - Regulated to protect your health

SOUTH SERVICE AREA

CONSTITUENT/UNITS

MCL

 

PHG or (MCLG)

RANGE

 

AVG.

SAMPLE DATE

 

RANGE

 

AVG.

SAMPLE DATE

VIOLATION

MAJOR SOURCES

Aluminium (PPM)

1

 

0.6

ND-0.05

 

ND

2020

 

ND

 

ND

2020

No

Erosion of natural deposits; residue from some surface

 

 

 

 

water treatment processes

Arsenic (PPB)

 

10

 

0.004

ND-4.3

 

2.2

2020

 

ND

 

ND

2020

No

Erosion of natural deposits

Barium (PPM)

1

 

2

ND-0.14

 

ND

2020

 

ND

 

ND

2020

No

Discharges of oil drilling wastes and from metal

 

 

 

 

refineries; erosion of natural deposits

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Control of Disinfection

TT = 2

NA

NA

 

NA

NA

 

1.4 {B}

2020

No

Various natural and manmade sources

By-Product Precursors (PPM)

 

 

(TOC)(treated water){A}

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Fluoride (PPM)

2

 

1

See Fluoride in Distribution System section below

No

Erosion of natural deposits; water additive that promotes

 

strong teeth; discharge from fertilizer and aluminum factories

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Hexavalent Chromium

NA

 

0.02

NR

 

NR

NA

 

ND

 

ND

2020

NA

Erosion of natural deposits; discharge from electroplating fac-

 

 

 

 

tories, leather tanneries, wood preservation, chemical synthesis,

(PPB) {C}

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

refractory production, and textile and manufacturing facilities

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Nitrate (as Nitrogen) (PPM)

10

 

10

ND-7.6

 

2.0

2020

 

ND

 

ND

2020

No

Runoff and leaching from fertilizer use; leaching from

 

 

 

 

septic tanks and sewage; erosion of natural deposits

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Nitrate + Nitrite

10

 

10

ND-6.7

 

2.0

2020

 

ND

 

ND

2020

No

Runoff and leaching from fertilizer use; leaching from

(as Nitrogen) (PPM)

 

 

 

 

septic tanks and sewage; erosion of natural deposits

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Tetrachloroethylene

5

 

0.06

ND

 

ND

2020

 

ND

 

ND

2020

No

Discharge from factories, dry cleaners, and auto shops

(PCE) (PPB)

 

 

 

 

 

(metal degreaser)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Gross Alpha (pCi/L)

15

 

(0)

ND-6.80

 

ND

2014-2020

 

ND

 

ND

2012-2020

No

Erosion of natural deposits

Combined Radium

5

 

(0)

ND-2.11

 

ND

2014-2020

 

ND

 

ND

2012

No

Erosion of natural deposits

(Ra226 + Ra228) (pCi/L)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Uranium (pCi/L)

20

 

0.43

ND-3.2

 

ND

2014-2020

 

NR

 

NR

NA

No

Erosion of natural deposits

CONSTITUENT/UNITS

MCL

 

PHG or (MCLG)

LEVEL FOUND

SAMPLE DATE

 

LEVEL FOUND

SAMPLE DATE

VIOLATION

MAJOR SOURCES

 

 

(NTU)

TT =

1

NA

NA

 

 

 

0.08

 

 

 

 

Turbidity

 

NTU

 

 

NA

 

 

2020

No

Soil runoff

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

{A}

 

(% Samples)

TT = 95%

of

NA

NA

 

 

100%

 

Samples ≤0.3

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

NTU

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

DISTRIBUTION

SYSTEM

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

CONSTITUENT/UNITS

AL

 

PHG or (MCLG)

90TH PERCENTILE

NO. OF SAMPLES/

 

SAMPLE DATE

VIOLATION

MAJOR SOURCES

 

RESULT

NO. EXCEEDING ACTION LEVEL

Copper (at tap) (PPM)

1.3

 

0.3

0.220

59/0

 

 

2019

No

Internal corrosion of household plumbing systems; erosion of

 

 

 

natural deposits; leaching from wood preservatives

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

CONSTITUENT/UNITS

MCL[MRDL]

PHGor[MRDLG]

RANGE

AVERAGE

 

SAMPLE DATE

VIOLATION

MAJOR SOURCES

Chlorine Residual (PPM)

[4]

 

[4]

0.05-1.45

 

0.69

 

 

2020

No

Drinking water disinfectant added for treatment

Fluoride (PPM) {D}

2

 

1

0.5-1.0 {E}

0.8 {E}

 

2020

No

Erosion of natural deposits; water additive that promotes

 

 

strong teeth; discharge from fertilizer and aluminum factories

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Trihalomethanes (PPB)

80

 

NA

ND-35

Highest LRAA = 41 {F}

2020

No

By-product of drinking water disinfection

Haloacetic Acids (PPB)

60

 

NA

ND-22

Highest LRAA = 24 {F}

2020

No

By-product of drinking water disinfection

sswd.org

2020 Consumer Confidence Report

9

SOUTH SERVICE AREA

 

 

(groundwater)

 

(surface water)

 

 

 

 

 

 

SSWD

City of Sacramento

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

DETECTED SECONDARY DRINKING WATER CONSTITUENTS - Regulated for aesthetic qualities

 

 

 

CONSTITUENT/UNITS

 

MCL

RANGE

AVG.

SAMPLE DATE

RANGE

AVG.

SAMPLE DATE

VIOLATION

MAJOR SOURCES

Aluminium (PPB)

 

200

ND-54

ND

2020

ND

ND

2020

No

Erosion of natural deposits; residue from some surface

 

water treatment processes

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Chloride (PPM)

 

500

3.3-66

22

2020

5.3

5.3

2020

No

Runoff/leaching from natural deposits

Copper (PPM)

 

1.3

ND-0.10

ND

2020

ND

ND

2020

No

Erosion of natural deposits; leaching from wood preservatives

Color (CU)

 

15

ND

ND

2020

ND-5

ND

2020

No

Naturally-occurring organic materials

Iron (PPB)

 

300

ND

ND

2020

ND

ND

2020

No

Leaching from natural deposits; industrial wastes

Manganese (PPB)

 

50

ND-41

ND

2020

ND

ND

2020

No

Leaching from natural deposits

Odor (TON)

 

3

ND

ND

2020

ND-2

ND

2020

No

Naturally-occurring organic materials

Specific Conductance

 

1600

160-510

312

2020

89

89

2020

No

Substances that form ions when in water

(µS/cm)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Sulfate (PPM)

 

500

1.4-29

7.8

2020

8.5

8.5

2020

No

Runoff/leaching from natural deposits; industrial wastes

Total Dissolved Solids

 

1000

130-340

226

2020

64

64

2020

No

Runoff/leaching from natural deposits

(PPM)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Turbidity (NTU)

 

5

ND-0.8

0.2

2020

See Primary Constituents on page 9

No

Soil runoff

DETECTED UCMR4 MONITORING CONSTITUENTS {G}

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

CONSTITUENT/UNITS

 

RANGE

AVG.

SAMPLE DATE

PRIMARY SOURCES/USES

 

 

Germanium (PPB)

 

ND

ND

2018-2020

Naturally-occurring element; a byproduct of zinc ore processing; used in infrared optics, fiber-optic

 

systems, electronics and solar applications

 

Manganese (PPB)

 

ND-26

1.8

2018-2020

Naturally-occurring element; used in steel production, fertilizer, batteries and fireworks; drinking water

 

and waste water treatment chemical; essential nutrient

 

 

 

DISTRIBUTION SYSTEM

 

 

 

 

 

CONSTITUENT/UNITS

 

RANGE

HIGHEST LRAA

SAMPLE DATE

PRIMARY SOURCES/USES

HAA5 (PPB)

 

ND-35

27

 

2018-2019

Byproduct of drinking water disinfection

HAA6Br (PPB)

 

ND-3.8

2

 

2018-2019

Byproduct of drinking water disinfection

HAA9 (PPB)

 

ND-36

29

 

2018-2019

Byproduct of drinking water disinfection

Water Main Flushing

SSWD flushes water mains to remove sediments or other contaminants that can accumulate in pipes over time and lead to taste and odor problems. Flushing dead-end lines also improves disinfectant residual levels. In addition to protecting water quality, flushing helps reduce corrosive conditions associated with biofilm growth that has a potential to lead to pipeline leaks.

PPM (parts per million):

PPB (parts per billion):

3 drops in 42 gallons

1 drop in 14,000 gallons

1 second in 12 days

1 second in 32 years

1 inch in 16 miles

1 inch in 16,000 miles

10 Sacramento Suburban Water District

 

 

 

(groundwater)

 

(surface water)

SOUTH SERVICE AREA

 

 

 

SSWD

City of Sacramento

 

ADDITIONAL DRINKING WATER CONSTITUENTS {H}

 

 

 

 

 

 

CONSTITUENT/UNITS

 

RANGE

AVG.

SAMPLE DATE

RANGE

AVG.

SAMPLE DATE

MAJOR SOURCES

Alkalinity (total, as CaCO3) (PPM)

67-190

113

2020

26

26

2020

Leaching from natural deposits

Alkalinity (bicarbonate, as CaCO3) (PPM)

81-230

136

2020

NR

NR

NA

Leaching from natural deposits

Calcium (PPM)

 

14-44

25

2020

11.2

11.2

2020

Erosion of natural deposits

Hardness

(grains/gallon)

3.3-13.5

7.4

2020

2.2

2.2

2020

Leaching from natural deposits; hardness is the sum of polyvalent cations

(PPM)

56-230

126

37

37

present in the water, generally naturally-occurring magnesium and calcium

 

 

 

Magnesium (PPM)

 

5.2-29

16

2020

2.2

2.2

2020

Erosion of natural deposits

pH (NONE)

 

7.6-8.0

7.8

2020

8.4

8.4

2020

Leaching from natural deposits; a measurement of hydrogen ion activity

Sodium (PPM)

 

7.8-27

14

2020

2.6

2.6

2020

Erosion of natural deposits

Field Operations

SSWD’s Field Operations Team monitors the water system 24 hours a day, 7 days a week to help ensure that customers receive a continuos supply of safe, clean drinking water. If you have additional questions concerning water quality, you can visit SSWD’s web page (www.sswd.org/departments/water-quality), call us (916.972.7171), or email us at feedback@sswd.org.

sswd.org

2020 Consumer Confidence Report 11

Please Conserve

Water!

In an effort to help customers use water more efficiently, SSWD has assembled a variety of programs, ideas and references that are designed to reduce water use at home. If you are interested in learning more about SSWD’s conservation programs and what you can do to use water more efficiently inside and outside your home, please visit our web page at www.sswd. org/conservation-tips. You may also schedule a Water Wise House Call by calling SSWD’s office at 916.972.7171. Please help us preserve tomorrow’s water supply by conserving water today.

3701 Marconi Avenue,

Suite 100

Sacramento, CA 95821

12 Sacramento Suburban Water District

Once Again

Your Drinking Water Continues to Meet State and Federal Drinking Water Standards

Monthly Board Meetings

3rd Monday of each month, 6:00 p.m.

3701 Marconi Ave., Suite 100 Sacramento, CA 95821

Visit Our Website at sswd.org

Need More Information?

For questions about this report, or to request additional copies:

Call David Armand at 916.679.2888

EPA Drinking Water Information: www.epa.gov/your-drinking-water

Este informe contiene información muy importante sobre su agua para beber. Tradúzcalo o hable con alguien que lo entienda bien.

Этот отчет содержит очень важную информацию о вашей питьевой воде. Переведите это или поговорите с кем-то, кто это хорошо понимает.

SSWD Board of Directors

Division 1

David A. Jones

Division 2

Kathleen McPherson

Division 3

Robert P. Wichert

 

President

Division 4

Kevin M. Thomas

Division 5

Craig M. Locke

 

Vice President

Contaminants


City of Sacramento Main

EWG's drinking water quality report shows results of tests conducted by the water utility and provided to the Environmental Working Group by the California State Water Resources Control Board, as well as information from the U.S. EPA Enforcement and Compliance History database (ECHO). For the latest quarter assessed by the U.S. EPA (January 2019 - March 2019), tap water provided by this water utility was in compliance with federal health-based drinking water standards.

Utility details

  • Serves: 486189
  • Data available: 2012-2017
  • Data Source: Surface water
  • Total: 23

Contaminants That Exceed Guidelines

  • Arsenic
  • Chloroform
  • Chromium (hexavalent)
  • Nitrate
  • Nitrate and nitrite
  • Radium%2C combined (-226 & -228)
  • Total trihalomethanes (TTHMs)
  • Uranium

Other Detected Contaminants

  • 1%2C4-Dioxane
  • 4-Androstene-3%2C17-dione
  • Aluminum
  • Barium
  • Chlorate
  • Chromium (total)
  • Fluoride
  • Haloacetic acids (HAA5)
  • Manganese
  • Molybdenum
  • Selenium
  • Strontium
  • Testosterone
  • Tetrachloroethylene (perchloroethylene)
  • Vanadium

Reminder

Always take extra precautions, the water may be safe to drink when it leaves the sewage treatment plant but it may pick up pollutants during its way to your tap. We advise that you ask locals or hotel staff about the water quality. Also, note that different cities have different water mineral contents.

Sources and Resources

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